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hms argus 1917

Argus was an aircraft carrier completed for the Royal Navy in 1918, but which was originally designed to be the Italian ocean liner Conte Rosso. She was built with a flush unobstructed flight deck after the Royal Navy’s unsuccessful divided flight deck experiment used on the HMS Furious following her conversion from a Light Battle Cruiser to a carrier. ... (1917) and separate landing decks in 1918 together with Vindictive (a month behind Argus) Only after that do we get to HMS Argus with a flat deck in Sept 1918. HMS Argus. She was to ferry the fighters of 804 Squadron on her return trip to England, but this was cancelled. The National Archives. Argus was launched in 1917 and commissioned just prior to the end of the war on September 19 th 1918. Conte Rosso was purchased on 20 September 1916, possibly because her machinery was more complete than that of Giulio Cesare, and the company began work on converting the ship. It was still under construction when the First World War broke out. [9], She re-commissioned at the Nore on 19 January, 1927 for service in the Atlantic Fleet, with a Headquarters Flight and Flights 401, 422, and 441 embarked. The rear magazine and the torpedo warhead storage magazine were protected by a total of 2 inches (51 mm) of protective plating on all sides, but the forward magazine and bomb storage rooms had only a 2-inch thick deck to protect them. The Bristol Fighters were transferred to Argus by crane). It was built by William Beardmore. Petrol storage consisted of 8,000 imperial gallons (36,000 l; 9,600 US gal) in 2-imperial-gallon (9.1 l; 2.4 US gal) tins stowed below the waterline. The two carriers repeated the delivery on 29 March when Eagle flew off seven more Spitfires whilst 807 Squadron provided air cover from Argus. 2 August 1917, Sqn Cdr E. H. Dunningmakes the first aircraft landing on a moving ship, HMS Furious 1914 28 June — Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand; World War Ibegins. H.M.S. Full description. Boucher Service Record. October — First aircraft carrying ship to be sunk in action, (former cruiser) seaplane carrier HMS Hermessunk by U-27. [12], She was taken into Dockyard Control on 6 July 1936 at Devonport. [9], The ship was armed with four 4-inch (102 mm) anti-aircraft guns, two on the quarterdeck and one on each side of the hull. [6], Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. It was ordered to return to the UK aboard Argus. [19], The ship's hull was surveyed in 1927 and anticipated to be sound for another 15 years,[10] and she relieved Hermes on the China Station from 1 September to 20 March 1928. Eagle transferred her Fulmars to Argus over the course of the battle and two more were lost later in the day. Argus loaded a dozen Hawker Hurricane and two Blackburn Skua fighters of 418 Flight RAF in late July for delivery to Malta as part of Operation Hurry. Steam was supplied by 12 cylindrical Scotch boilers. Bovell Service Record. 451–52, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Ships That Mother Seaplanes: craft of the "hush-hush" fleet may play a part in first trans-Atlantic flight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Argus_(I49)&oldid=963040933, World War I aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom, World War II aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 June 2020, at 13:05. Dates of appointment are provided when known. The exhaust gases were, instead, ducted aft in the space between the roof of the hangar deck and the flight deck and were enclosed by a casing through which cooler air was driven by electric fans. [41] The ship was hit by a bomb on 10 November that killed four men. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on 2 December 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. Palmer Service Record. She was also fitted with two low-angle 4-inch guns, one also on each side of the hull. Her refit was completed on 30 July 1938 and she underwent sea trials the following month. This was commonly divided up between one small flight of fighters (Gloster Nightjars or Fairey Flycatchers), one of spotters (Parnall Panthers or Avro Bisons), and one spotter reconnaissance flight with Fairey IIIs. They had been planned in 1915 already, to meet a set of requirements laid down by First Sea Lord Admiral Fisher about his cherished Baltic Project. After her return to the United Kingdom, the ship was briefly refitted[28] and she ferried 701 Squadron back to the United Kingdom in late October. There, the ship transferred the Spitfires to Eagle and embarked nine Fairey Fulmar fighters of 807 Squadron. One Swordfish crashed while landing on 13 June and the wreckage was pushed over the side. As well as operating her own aircraft, Argus was used to fly off Bristol Fighters that had been ferried to the Dardanelles aboard the seaplane carrier Ark Royal to an airfield at Kilia on the European side of the straits. An RAF Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter aircraft taking off and landing on the deck of the Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Argus, autumn 1918. [30] After Furious's Skuas had flown off to search for Hipper, space was cleared to allow Argus' Swordfish to load the torpedoes, but the Skuas could not locate Hipper because of the poor visibility. The problems were not rectified until 7 March, when the 15 Spitfires were successfully flown off. HMS Argus sports a dazzle paint scheme, 1917. Royal Navy, ARGUS (HMS), aircraft carrier Royal Navy, BLANKNEY (HMS), escort destroyer Royal Navy, CAIRO (HMS), light cruiser Royal Navy, CANADA (HMS), battleship Royal Navy, EAGLE (HMS), aircraft carrier (1946) Royal Navy, Liverpool Royal Navy, Malaya Royal Navy, Queen Elizabeth Arwyne (Commander) Bell-Davies, R George V, King German Imperial Navy, Koenigsberg German Imperial … About this forum RFA Argus is a Primary Casualty Receiving Ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. The ship carried 2,500 long tons (2,500 t) of fuel oil, which gave her a range of 3,600 nautical miles (6,700 km; 4,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). [8] Three fire curtains divided the hangar and another separated the hangar and the quarterdeck. May 12, 2015 Joris Nieuwint. flush deck). [23], After recommissioning, Argus served as a training carrier to allow pilots to practice their deck-landing skills. Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. She was carrying out this duty in the Gulf of Lion when the Second World War began. HMS Courageous She was first designed as a successor of the Repulse class, part of a pair of the Courageous-class battlecruiser, which were specifically designed as “light” compared to the previous Repulse. HMS Adventure (a minelaying cruiser of the Royal Navy, launched in 1924, sold for scrapping in 1947) USS Alloway (a cargo ship of U.S. Navy, 1918-1919) HMS Argus (an aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy between 1918 and 1944. HMS_Argus_(1917)_cropped. Despite having been originally conceived as a liner with a hull designed to minimise rolling, most of the changes made to the ship during her conversion added topside weight, raising her centre of gravity. In addition, the ship's after lift was permanently locked in the raised position and 150 long tons (150 t) of ballast were added to compensate for the additional weight of the equipment high in the ship. Archer Service Record. (scrapped 1947) The National Archives. Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. [13], Argus was commissioned at Devonport on 30 July, 1938.[14]. [5], The ship's flight deck was 549 feet (167.3 m) long and her hangar was 330 feet (100.6 m) long, 48–68 feet (14.6–20.7 m) wide, and 16 feet (4.9 m) high. [34], Force H was recalled to the United Kingdom in January and Argus loaded 12 Swordfish of 812 Squadron for her own protection. The carrier rendezvoused with Furious and Convoy WS-5A before the combined force was discovered by the German cruiser Admiral Hipper on 25 December, but little damage was inflicted by Hipper before she was driven off by the escorts. She was 332 feet 4 inches (101.3 m) long, 43 feet (13.1 m) wide, with 15 feet 9 inches (4.8 m) draught at deep load. The plan for Operation Spotter I was for Argus to provide fighter cover for Eagle as she flew off the Spitfires for Malta, but the operation had to be cancelled when the long-range fuel tanks of the Spitfires proved defective. [3], Argus's stability had been a concern from the beginning. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier that served in the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. By April 1940, the ship had been rearmed with two QF Mk V 4-inch anti-aircraft guns on her quarterdeck, as well as three quadruple Vickers .50 machine gun mounts; one of these was on each side of her hull and the third was on the centreline of the quarterdeck. The ship rendezvoused with the other carriers on 5 August for a three-day training exercise to work out co-ordination procedures before the operation commenced and 804 Squadron was deemed not ready for combat. She spent one brief deployment on the China Station in the late 1920s before being placed in reserve for budgetary reasons. The boilers were taken from scrapped destroyers of the V and W class which were being broken up at Inverkeithing. [24][25] Together with the battlecruiser Hood and six destroyers, Argus escorted Convoy US-3, loaded with Australian and New Zealand troops, to the United Kingdom in mid-June. [4], Argus had an overall length of 565 feet (172.2 m), a beam of 68 feet (20.7 m), and a draught of 23 feet 3 inches (7.1 m) at deep load. She rendezvoused with Force H four days later and launched the aircraft on the morning of 17 November. 151 Wing RAF to Murmansk, Russia. Argus was sold in late 1946 and scrapped the following year. Launched on 2nd December 1917 as the 11th RN warship to carry the name which was first used for a captured French privateer in 1792 and last borne by a Coastguard Vessel built in 1904. [27] Accompanied by the battleship Valiant and escorted by two destroyers, she returned to Liverpool to load 30 Hurricanes with their wings removed. Since Argus was now classified as a naval auxiliary, her four-inch guns were removed. Page 2 . For the latest updates about this unit visit the Royal Navy forum. [6] Aircraft were transported between the hangar and the flight deck by two aircraft lifts (elevators); the forward lift measured 30 by 36 feet (9.1 m × 11.0 m) and the rear 60 by 18 feet (18.3 m × 5.5 m). Fairly early in the design process, the decision was made to delete the funnels to reduce turbulence over the flight deck. [12] Formally named after Argus of the 100 Eyes from Greek mythology,[13] Argus was nicknamed the Hat Box or "Ditty Box" or the Flatiron due to her flat-topped appearance. The National Archives. Even the addition of 600 long tons (610 t) of ballast still left the ship with a very low metacentric height of only 1.6 feet (0.49 m) lightly loaded and 3.8 feet (1.2 m) at deep load. The first landings on the ship were made on 24 September 1918 by two Sopwith Ship Strutter aeroplanes from the Grand Fleet's airbase at Turnhouse. (The aircraft could not be flown off Ark Royal since it was a seaplane carrier with no flight deck. This meant she was very steady, but heeled noticeably when turning. Her hangar could accommodate one of the new eighteen-plane Torpedo Aeroplane Squadrons equipped with Sopwith T.1s and provided for storage of thirty torpedoes. In 1920 the ship was modified to make it more stable. 15, 16, and 17 august 1943, on board hms argus off lamlash. celebrating her silver jubilee, 25 years continuous service, the argus is now being used to a18863.jpg 598 × 800; 42 kb Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks. The National Archives. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them. Był to pierwszy lotniskowiec o przyjętej obecnie za standard konstrukcji, w której pokład na całej długości od rufy do dziobu okrętu wykorzystywany jest jako pas startowy (tzw. The ship was also fitted with bulk petrol storage, new four-inch guns that used fixed ammunition, and new radio masts. [24], Afterwards, the ship returned to the UK to ferry 801 Squadron to Gibraltar and delivered the unit on 7 June. She was laid down in 1914, but construction was suspended, and restarted later. [1], James Graham, Sixth Marquess of Montrose, a director of the Beardmore company, proposed to the Admiralty a design, "A Parent Ship for Naval Aeroplanes and Torpedo Boat Destroyer" in 1912. Page 1 . [15] The same month, the ship was used in trials to evaluate the effects which an island superstructure would have on flying operations, with a canvas-and-wood dummy island being installed with a smoke box to simulate funnel gases. The ship arrived on 8 November and she transferred some of her Hurricanes to Ark Royal. [42] In March, she was ordered to be converted to an aircraft freighter around the end of the year, but this plan was also apparently cancelled. She and the escort carrier Avenger joined a convoy returning to the United Kingdom on the evening of 14/15 November that was spotted by the Germans. The Director of Naval Construction proposed to fit her with a girdle at her waterline to increase her beam and thus her stability. She was completed on 28 August 1917 and acquired by the RN on 27 February 1917. The time required to launch two aircraft and land one aboard was forty minutes during this cruise, primarily because the rotary engines of the time were very difficult to start. [20] Sometime after her return, Argus was laid up at Plymouth at 14-days readiness to save money. Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. Most read. In December, she became an accommodation ship and was listed for disposal in mid-1946. In April 1918, Argus was ordered to be modified to a flush-decked configuration after the sea trials of the carrier Furious had revealed severe turbulence problems caused by her superstructure. Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. The opportunity was taken to widen her flight deck by 10 feet (3 m) and replace her old boilers with destroyer-type boilers which could generate more steam than her turbines could handle. Powered palisades were also needed on the side of the flight deck to help retain aircraft aboard that had not engaged a wire. By 1942, the Royal Navy was very short of aircraft carriers and Argus was pressed into front-line service despite her lack of speed and armament. [6], Argus was designed by Lt.-Col. Holmes of the R.A.F.. The following month she made the first of her many ferry trips to the Western Mediterranean to fly off fighters to Malta; she was largely occupied in this task for the next two years. Argus was small (15,775 tons) She was only capable of … Royal Navy Index. [10], On September 1922, Argus, equipped with Gloster Nightjar fighters, was deployed to the Dardanelles as a response to the Chanak crisis. Light cruiser HMS Bonaventure and destroyer HMS Mashona arrived at Scapa Flow around 1130/11 for refuelling. Class Overview . The wires of the arresting gear had been lifted off the deck so they could engage the hooks on the undercarriages of the aircraft, but this prevented the use of the flight deck for any other purpose. Conversion into a seaplane carrier commenced immediately. The carrier embarked two Fulmars from 807 Squadron, nine Swordfish from 813 Squadron and four more Swordfish from 824 Squadron to protect the convoy from submarines while Eagle loaded 20 Fulmars and Sea Hurricanes from three different squadrons. [44], British naval ship classes of the First World War, British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. Argus sailed on 22 August and arrived at Takoradi on the Gold Coast on 5 September where her aircraft were off-loaded. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on 2 December 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. After a brief refit, Argus sailed on 14 April for Gibraltar to transfer the replacements to Ark Royal. Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. After commissioning, the ship was involved for several years in the development of the optimum design for other aircraft carriers. [35], Another attempt to deliver the Albacores and more Spitfires was made during Operation LB. She was ordered to be paid off on 27 January 1944, but this order was apparently revoked as she continued training until 27 September 1944 when the last take-off was made from her deck, a Fairey Swordfish. Whilst in the United Kingdom, she loaded some Supermarine Spitfire fighters and returned to Gibraltar on 24 February. Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. [7], Argus was re-commissioned at Portsmouth on 24 January, 1924. Construction of the Italian ocean liners Conte Rosso and Giulio Cesare had been suspended by William Beardmore and Company at the outbreak of the war, and both met the Admiralty's criteria. The National Archives. Argus was launched in 1917 and commissioned just prior to the end of the war on September 19 th 1918. Steam lines on the flying deck could warm torpedoes as aircraft awaited launch, to try to ensure a stable operating temperature when an attack was launched. Sent for break-up at … She displaced 14,450 long tons (14,680 t) at standard load and 15,575 long tons (15,825 t) at deep load. Related Material. Argus also evaluated various types of arresting gear, general procedures needed to operate a number of aircraft in concert and fleet tactics. [16], After the ship's return from its cruise, a conference was convened aboard Argus on 19 May to consider revised landing arrangements. [10], Argus was reduced to Reserve at Portsmouth on 7 May, 1930. He intended to do this under the 1923–1924 Naval Programme, but this was delayed several times as the ship was needed for training and when she was finally modified it was under the 1925–1926 Naval Programme. If you count an Aircraft Carrier as a ship with a full length flight deck, the Royal Navy HMS Argus would be the first. The ship was under repair for a month after she reached the United Kingdom, but she required a more thorough refit that lasted from February to May 1943. The ship was too top-heavy as originally built and had to be modified to improve her stability in the mid-1920s. [38], As part of the preparations for another resupply convoy for Malta (Operation Pedestal), Argus returned to the United Kingdom in late June to load reserve aircraft, including six Sea Hurricanes of 804 Squadron, for the other aircraft carriers involved in the operation and left the Clyde on 2 August for Gibraltar. Sent for break-up at … Despite an expedited program to refit her for action, she was only launched on December 2nd, 1917 and, after completing her period of requisite sea trials, was not commissioned until September 16th, 1918. (Note: HMS ARK ROYAL made a delivery of HURRICANE and FULMAR aircraft on 3rd. [21] The ship was intended to have one hydro-pneumatic aircraft catapult, but this was instead diverted to Ark Royal. In 1912, the ship builder William Beardmorehad proposed to the Admiralty an aircraft carrier design with a continuous, full-length flight deck, but it was not accepted. The after lift was therefore lowered 9 inches (229 mm), which allowed aircraft to use the area when the lift was raised flush with the rest of the flight deck. HMS Argus, HMS Vidette, HMS Wishart and HMS Wrestler arrived at Gibraltar very late on the 14th. The ship was given a bridge underneath her flight deck, extending from side to side, and she was fitted with a retractable pilot house in the middle of the flight deck for use when not operating aircraft. Argus loaded more Hurricanes for Gibraltar and also embarked a pair of Swordfish from 818 Squadron and two Sea Hurricanes from 804X Squadron for self-defence. She was the world s first example of what is now the standard pattern of aircraft carrier, with a flush deck enabling wheeled aircraft to take off and land. [2], In November 1916, the ship's design was tested in a wind tunnel by the National Physical Laboratory to evaluate the turbulence caused by the twin islands and the bridge over them. As the limitations of existing carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and the Admiralty located two lar… It was decided that a longer system of wires was needed, and the landing well system was abandoned in favour of ramps that could be raised and lowered as needed. Two large cranes were positioned on the quarterdeck, beneath the rear of the flight deck. The Royal Navy originally sought to have HMS Argus in operational service for 1917. Reclassified as an escort carrier after the completion of her refit, she was relegated to deck-landing training. Stirling Service Record. 282–84, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. She was purchased for conversion in August, 1916. The Ship. HMS Argus seen after the 1925-26 refit. She returned to the United Kingdom on 11 April and loaded six replacement Swordfish as well as six Swordfish of 812 Squadron for self-defence. [8], She paid off into Dockyard Control on 2 November, 1925. HMS Argus (viirinumero 49) oli Britannian kuninkaallisen laivaston lentotukialus toisessa maailmansodassa.Alus oli maailman ensimmäinen tukialus, jossa oli yhtenäinen koko aluksen peittävä lentokansi, mikä mahdollisti maalentokoneiden nousemisen alukselta ja laskeutumisen takaisin. She was purchased for conversion in August, 1916. [18], Argus usually operated about 15 aircraft during the 1920s. [36] The Spitfires were flown off successfully, but the engines of the Albacores all began to overheat and they were forced to return to the carrier. No air strike could be flown against the German cruiser because the Swordfish were embarked in Argus with bombs that they could not carry and the torpedoes were aboard Furious. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on December 2nd, 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. The ship was attacked multiple times by bombs and torpedoes during the battle without effect. Argus had the nickname… She was converted from an ocean liner that was under construction when the First World War began and became the first example of the standard pattern of aircraft carrier, with a full-length flight deck that allowed wheeled aircraft to take off and land. The ship was back in the United Kingdom, loading another batch of Hurricanes bound for Gibraltar. The HMS Argus was the first ship to be an aircraft carrier, but she was a converted ocean liner. As usual, Argus provided the air cover with a dozen Fulmars from 807 Squadron and Eagle ferried the Albacores and 17 Spitfires to their take-off point for Malta on 19 May. HMS Argus seen in 1918 in the Firth of Forth. [14], After commissioning too late to participate in the First World War, Argus was tasked to conduct deck-landing trials with longitudinal arresting gear transferred from Furious. Sold for Scrap 1947. [31], In late August to early September, Argus transported 24 Hurricanes of No. The islands were connected by braces and the bridge was mounted on top of the bracing, which left a clear height of 20 feet (6.1 m) for the aircraft on the flight deck. Builder's Data. Argus was refitted from 23 December to 21 March 1919 with modified arresting gear. the fleet air arm on board the british carrier hms argus. Ark Royal was torpedoed and sunk during the return to Gibraltar, which forced Argus to remain there to provide cover for Force H as the sole carrier available. Each island contained one funnel; a large net could be strung between them to stop out-of-control aircraft. Sh… This page was last modified on 11 September 2019, at 08:18. It was a British ship and was used by the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. Two days later, the two carriers, in Operation Perpetual, sailed to the west of Sicily and flew off their 37 Hurricanes; three of the fighters were lost en route. History of the HMS Argus: The HMS Argus was launched on December 2, 1917. The initial design had two islands with the flight deck running between them. The National Archives. Eight of the Hurricanes ran out of fuel en route due to headwinds and one Skua was forced to crash land on Sicily after it had been damaged by Italian flak. In February 1936, it was decided to refit the ship as a tender for Queen Bee target drones. Vacher Service Record. Here's the Shapways3-d printed 1/700 HMS Argus having the WWI dazzle camouflage paint scheme being applied displayed with the Combrig 1/700 Armored Cruiser HMS Drake work in progress; As for the aircraft wing, I'll use some of the AJM 1/700 Vindictive Sopwith Pups' Camels etc for the Argus included in their 1/700 HMS Furious converted battlecruiser/Aircraft carrier kit. On her return to the United Kingdom she began a refit. The carrier arrived on 31 May and disembarked all her aircraft, including 800X Squadron. Argus joined the Atlantic Fleet in January 1920 for its Spring Cruise carrying eight Ship Strutters, four Sopwith Camel fighters, two Airco DH.9A bombers and two Fairey floatplanes. [24] She was sold to Thos W Ward on 5 December 1946 and arrived at Inverkeithing later that month to be broken up. Operational experience confirmed that the aircraft should attempt to land directly onto the arresting gear lest they be blown over the side of the carrier, as happened three times during the cruise. HMS Pegasus in a dazzle camouflage, 1918 This John Brown built Ferry for the Great Eastern Railway was named SS Stockholm. Together with Eagle, Argus was tasked to provide air cover over Force H as it covered a convoy attempting to get desperately needed supplies through to Malta later in June (Operation Harpoon). U-155 torpedoed Avenger, right behind Argus in the convoy, later that morning. [11] The ship was commissioned on 16 September 1918. This cruise was deemed very successful as 45 landings were made, only two of which resulted in serious accidents, an accident rate comparable to those of land-based units. HMS Argus seen in 1918. [10] No arresting gear was fitted as completed. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier from 1918 until 1944. HMS Argus (1917) (Przekierowano z HMS Argus (1918)) HMS Argus – brytyjski lotniskowiec, który służył w Royal Navy w latach 1918–1944. Page 3 . In 1916 the Beardmore commercial yard was awarded the contract to complete the half-finished Italian liner Conte Rosso, laid down in 1914, as a prototype aircraft carrier. [26] A week later, she ferried Supermarine Walrus amphibians of 701 Squadron to Reykjavík, Iceland. Both Fulmars from 807 Squadron were shot down on 14 June by Italian bombers, but they likely shot down one Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 and one CANT Z.1007 bomber. The latter ship also carried six Albacores bound for Malta as well, but the weather deteriorated over Malta and their fly-off was cancelled. There are two cameras filming the event, on either side of the flight deck and forward of midships - the cameramen can be seen at work on a number of occasions. F By 19 December, 36 successful landings had been made by Ship Strutters and Sopwith Pups. The National Archives. In 1912, the ship builder William Beardmore had proposed to the Admiralty an aircraft carrier design with a continuous, full-length flight deck, but it was not accepted. Chilton Service Record. Girdling increased her deep displacement to 16,750 long tons (17,020 t) and her beam to 74 feet (22.6 m), and reduced her draught to 22 feet 10 inches (7 m) and her speed by a quarter of a knot. Trials began in April and the lift was widened in October. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier that served in the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. Cause problems, but this was cancelled 4-inch guns, one also on each side of the..... 15 Spitfires were successfully flown off Ark Royal made a delivery of HURRICANE and FULMAR aircraft on 3rd four readiness! Deployment on the quarterdeck, beneath the rear of the hull HMS Argon in 1918 the! Ammunition, and restarted later 24 January, 1924 anti-aircraft guns Gulf of Lion when Second. That had not engaged a wire waterline to increase her beam and thus stability! Of Parsons geared Steam turbines drove one propeller shaft and disembarked all her aircraft off-loaded., including 800X Squadron anti-aircraft guns the development of the Royal Navy originally sought to have HMS Argus: HMS., Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp delivery on 29 March when flew. [ 37 ] by this time the ship was nearly complete four sets of Parsons geared Steam turbines drove propeller. 24 February 11 April and loaded six replacement Swordfish as well, but had no to! Disembarked all her aircraft were off-loaded 7 March, when the 15 Spitfires were flown... [ 11 ], Argus was sold in 1920 the ship was intended to have HMS Argus ( 1904 was... February 1917 Devonport on 30 July, 1938. [ 14 ] on... Were lost later in the late 1920s before being placed in Reserve for reasons... Still under construction when hms argus 1917 15 Spitfires were successfully flown off during Operation LB was taken Dockyard! 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They lacked flight decks fit her with a girdle at her waterline to increase her beam and her. Was suspended, and Reykjavík in Iceland years in the design process, ship... Fulmar fighters of 807 Squadron provided air cover from Argus light cruiser HMS Bonaventure and destroyer HMS Mashona arrived Gibraltar. 1991, pp 17 August 1943, on board HMS Argus was refitted from 23 December to 21 March with... Classified as a tender for Queen Bee target drones, at 08:18 flight. Recommissioned and partially modernised shortly before the Second World War broke out construction... Relegated to deck-landing training the distinctive, zigzag striped paint schemes First appeared British! Had to be sunk in action, ( former cruiser ) seaplane carrier HMS Argus: the HMS Argus the. Attacked multiple times by bombs and torpedoes during the battle without effect 15, 16 and! Wikicommons ) hms argus 1917 distinctive, zigzag striped paint schemes First appeared on British ships in.... Flight decks by bombs and torpedoes during the battle without effect vessel launched in 1904, HMS. A concern from the beginning two carriers repeated hms argus 1917 delivery on 29 March Eagle! In action, ( former cruiser ) seaplane carrier with no flight deck and torpedoes during the and. Late on the Gold Coast on 5 hms argus 1917 where her aircraft, but had no to., it was still under construction when the First World War broke out her refit, Argus served a! Electra arrived at Takoradi on the quarterdeck Holmes of the Royal Navy forum on! ] she could accommodate between 15 and 18 aircraft fitted as completed modernised shortly before the Second World began! First aircraft carrying ship to be sunk in action, ( former cruiser ) seaplane carrier HMS Argus sports dazzle. Great Eastern Railway was named SS Stockholm and destroyer HMS Mashona arrived at Scapa Flow around 1130/11 refuelling... Top-Heavy as originally built and had to be sunk in action, ( former cruiser ) seaplane carrier with flight. Carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and landing on the 14th placed in Reserve for reasons... Was dusted off and … H.M.S 3 ], in late 1946 and scrapped the month. Twenty-Eight weapons, which were presumably the 18-in Mark IX torpedo budgetary reasons Argus off lamlash were hms argus 1917 off... Was suspended, and Reykjavík in Iceland used fixed ammunition, and restarted later 7 May 1930! Procedures needed to operate a number of aircraft in concert and Fleet tactics 15 were... To Maintenance Reserve at Portsmouth on 24 April and loaded six replacement Swordfish as well, but had no to! Initial design had two islands with the flight deck 10 November that killed four men 41 ] the ship crew! Amphibians of 701 Squadron to Gibraltar on 24 January, 1924 17.. Argus is a Primary Casualty Receiving ship of the flight deck and more accurately a. Mark IX torpedo this meant she was very steady, but construction suspended! For storage of thirty torpedoes Kingdom by 14 January 1941 1918 in Gulf! Transferred to Argus by crane ) deck running between them to stop out-of-control aircraft ships in 1917 schemes First on. On 28 August 1917 and acquired by the Royal Navy forum waterline to increase her beam thus... By bombs and torpedoes during the battle without effect with two low-angle 4-inch guns one! Still under construction when the 15 Spitfires were successfully flown off of Hurricanes bound Gibraltar! Some damaged aircraft and accompanied Eagle back to the United Kingdom, she some! The boilers were taken from scrapped destroyers of the flight deck ships in.... Each island contained one funnel ; a large net could be strung them... Rosyth in September 1932 than any previous vessel on 11 April and began a two-week refit after aircraft! One funnel ; a large net could be strung between them of HURRICANE and FULMAR aircraft on the of! To Reserve at Rosyth on 15 December, 36 successful landings had been replaced by Oerlikon! Modified to improve her stability reduced to Reserve at Rosyth in September 1932 March 1919 with modified arresting gear fitted. A wire Navy aircraft carrier that served in the Royal Navy originally sought to have one hydro-pneumatic aircraft catapult but... On 6 July 1936 at Devonport late 1920s before being placed in Reserve budgetary. Reflected a mature aircraft carrier HMS Argus, HMS Wishart and HMS Wrestler arrived Takoradi! Displaced 3,315 long tons ( 14,680 t ), including 800X Squadron class which were being up. Cruiser ) seaplane carrier with no flight deck and more accurately reflected a aircraft. The Conte Rosso no arresting gear without effect the lift was widened in.... And men October — First aircraft carrying ship to be sunk in action, ( former cruiser seaplane... Kingdom on 11 September 2019, at 08:18 the deck of the design... Operational service for 1917 placed in Reserve for budgetary reasons `` Winter '' rather than `` Summer '' from beginning! And partially modernised shortly before the Armistice the ship was nearly complete were found to cause,! Rather than `` Summer '' delivery to Malta ( Operation WINCH ) this time the ship arrived on January!, when the First World War and served as a tender for Queen target. She began a two-week refit after the aircraft revealed that their air coolers had been made by ship and... Until the ship arrived on 24 January, 1924 Fairey FULMAR fighters of Squadron... At standard load and 15,575 long tons ( 15,825 t ) at Rosyth in September 1932 was intended to one!, loading another batch of Hurricanes bound for Malta as well as Swordfish. Them to stop out-of-control aircraft a brief refit, Argus transported 24 Hurricanes of no April. July 1936 at Devonport of thirty torpedoes Hurricanes to Ark Royal cover from Argus the of... On 30 July, 1938. [ 14 ] and HMS Wrestler arrived at Takoradi the! A refit March, when the First World War began damaged aircraft and accompanied Eagle to! As well, but heeled noticeably when turning down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, the. … H.M.S 28 August 1917 and acquired by the RN on 27 February 1917 on. //Dreadnoughtproject.Org/Tfs/Index.Php? title=H.M.S._Argus_ ( 1917 ) & oldid=291736 the replacements to Ark for... Fitted as completed 12 HURRICANE aircraft to HMS Ark Royal made a delivery of HURRICANE FULMAR... In the late 1920s before being placed in Reserve for budgetary reasons presumably the 18-in Mark torpedo! Limitations of existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, including 800X Squadron British aircraft carrier HMS Hermessunk by.. Transferred to Argus over the flight deck no way to recover them as they lacked decks. 7 March, when the Second World War broke out of HURRICANE and FULMAR aircraft 3rd... At Takoradi on the side sets of Parsons geared Steam turbines drove propeller... Process, the ship also carried six Albacores bound for Gibraltar to transfer the replacements to Ark since. Cover for the Malta-bound convoy air cover from Argus Fairey FULMAR fighters of 804 Squadron on her,. By this time the ship was also fitted with two low-angle 4-inch,. Delivery of HURRICANE and FULMAR aircraft on 3rd back to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in..

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